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IPARIFA ÜLTETVÉNY Ipdarifa ültetvény MEGNÉZEM »

Cultivation and planting of the 'Turbo®' and 'Turbo Obelisk®' black locust

1. Preparation for the planting – site surveying

A site survey always needs to be amongst the very first things included in the preparatory works of  the  plantation planning phase.  Even in below average quality habitat areas, the plantation of 'Turbo' locust has proven to be a good investment. In case of the 'Obelisk' plantations, due to the more expensive commodities, it is expedient to choose a appropriate location and apply a wider planting network.

   

 

2. Soil preparation

Soil preparation aims to facilitate a sound planting of the seedlings into smooth soil with no clods. The  deep ploughing of the sites is recommended in autumn in a depth of 60-80 cm. After ploughing, the surface needs to be levelled and compacted against water loss.

 

3. Planting

3.1 Planting network

In case of Black locust plantations, depending on their final purpose and function, the number of seedlings set out can vary. For short-rotation energy plantations the number of seedlings we suggest are 10.000 seedlings/hectare, and in case of traditional afforestation we suggest 4-5.000 seedlings/hectare. Recomended row distance is 3 meters. Plantations of quality log production need to be established by saplings of vegetative propagation. In this case the number of plants set out is 2.500 per hectare. and the recomended planting network is 2*2m. In order to achieve quality log production, pruning of the trunks is necessary.

3.2 Preparation of the seedlings before planting

Transport and storage rules of the seedlings are the general ones – they need to be kept fresh, sheltered and watered. Damaged or diseased pieces need to be disposed. The roots must be freshly cut, leaving at least a 20cm section unharmed.

3.3 Execution of the planting

Drying out of the seedlings must be avoided also during planting by sheltering. The seedlings must be vertically planted, the soil around has to be compacted, making sure that no air holes surround the root. If needed, the planting machine must also be personally followed, covering up the seedlings manually by foot where necessary. If properly executed, the seedlings should not be pulled out easily.

 

4. After planting cultivation

4.1 Cutting back of seedlings

As soon as possible the seedlings need to be cut back 1-2 cm under the surface. This results a proper vertical growth of the shoots.  

4.2 Cutting of competitive shoots

The cut back seedling often produces 2-4 shoots, of which all except one, the most promising one, needs to be cut. Proper timing of this is work is set for June-July.  

 

5. Tending

5.1 Fight of the weeds

Weed control between and in the rows must be finalised to mid-April or early-May. 2-3 times hoeing and the use of herbicides should be made. Interrow weeding can be made by 2-3 times discing. Regular care will improve the soil water balance, and promotes the formation of larger increment.

5.2 Pruning

To enhance the stem and log quality manual pruning is recommended. However this can only be an option in case of quality log production.

 

6. Features of plantations of different purposes

'Turbo' Black locust energy plantations

·        Number of plants: 10.000-12.000 pc / ha

·        Rotation period: 2-4 yrs.

​'Turbo' Black locust fire wood and pole production

·         Number of plants: 4.000-5.000 pc / ha

·         Rotation period: 12-15 yrs.

'Turbo Obelisk' Black locust industial wood production (logs, poles)

·         Number of plants: from 2.500 pc / ha

·         Rotation period: 15-18 yrs.