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IPARIFA ÜLTETVÉNY Ipdarifa ültetvény MEGNÉZEM »

'Express®' willow cultivation

1. Site survey

Depending on the the size of the site, it is highly recomended to examine the soil and its contents in the area, preferably by 1-4 soil sampling pits per 10 hectares.

   

 

2. Preparation of the planting

Weed control 

Weed control is vital prior to the planting process. A total herbicide treatment against perennial weeds is recommended in the summer/autumn the year before the start of the planting procedures. Our recommendation for this process is a total leaf herbicide.

Soil preparation

Soil preparation aims to create a sound planting condition for the cuttings. No clods are vital for proper rout emergence. Deep cultivation at a depth of 60 cm is necessary, along with a minimum ploughing and leveling depth of 25-30 cm. In case the soil is very compact, ploughing is recommended in the autumn.  

 

3. Planting

 

The shots or cuttings need to be set in autumn, from october until the winter frosts, or alternatively in the spring, just after the spring frosts until the end of April.

Tilling directly before planting is very effective against weeds. It is vital that both the short cuttings and the long shoots are covered up properly by soil in order to avoid them from drying out. This is also important so that they avoid direct contact with the herbicides. Watering during draught periods is also essential. We recommend 9,000/12,000 short cuttings per hectare. By using larger cuttings (above 20cm) we can provide a safer way for them to root. The recommended row distance is 2.0 m. 

Please view are short films here!

 

4. Cultivation

Weeding

After planting, weeding must follow within days to keep weeds under control, and therefore weeding must take place on the entire area. If properly timed, it diminishes weeds for up to 2 months. Further use of leaf herbicides must follow, depending on the emergence of weeds.

Soil cultivation

Interrow cultivation by disking or other specialised machines is to be used. Despite this, it is important to note that when the cultivation technology is used properly, the canopy closure in the summer during the first year after planting should be sufficient to avoid weed emergence.

Protection against pests

After harvesting, the spraying of the stumps against fungi, bacteria and insects is recommended, as such a measure prolongs the life cycle of the plantation by years.

Nutrient-maintenance

Leafs provide a considerable amount of nutrients. If legally approved, power plant ash or communal waste materials, such as manure, silt or waste water can also be used for the purpose of nutrient maintenance. Nutrient supply inputs, such as fertilizers, can increase the effectiveness plantations.

 

5. Harvesting

The plantation can be harvested after 2-3 years, and the process can be repeated up to 10 times. Harvesting can be executed by special chipping harvesters or by towed rolling choppers. It is best to carry out the harvest after the vegetation period, from october until the spring sprouting.

 

 

Please view are short films here!